Ethics approval

It is the responsibility of each primary collaborator to ensure that the appropriate ethical approval has been obtained prior to data collection in relation to ManyBirds Project research. Ethics approval confirmation should be provided on the Data collection plan when signing up to collaborate. We are happy to provide advice regarding ethical approval applications if required – please contact us at:

Data sharing agreement: ManyBirds Study 1 on neophobia in birds

The focus of this project is on neophobia in birds, specifically responses to novel objects, with a control condition where only familiar food is present. For the purposes of this project, each site has/will collect some pre-agreed data with their respective species following the data collection protocols outlined by the ManyBirds study team. 

 The data provided by other sites to the ManyBirds study team will be compiled by the team and prepared for the purposes of joint publications.

 Data provided to the ManyBirds team by collaborators will only be used for the prior agreed purposes of publication(s) relating to the original project outline. Any possible further consideration of data usage/ re-use by the ManyBirds team and the current collaborators on this study must first be discussed with the collaborators, proceeding only with further agreement of this use and in return for authorship on publications as stipulated/ appropriate.

 All data relevant to the publication(s) will be published openly alongside the article(s), in a stand-alone excel file in a repository e.g. via Figshare or Dryad, as this is required by most journals and is good practice. Any post-publication requests for the videos (or photographic) data from a contributor will first be approved by that collaborator. 

Each respective primary collaborator is responsible for storing their own data.


Authorship agreement

In return for significant contributions to the final manuscript(s), including data collection, data analysis, manuscript writing and other related tasks (with prior agreement with study 1 team), co-authorship will be assigned to primary collaborators and/or the person running the tests at each site as appropriate, in alphabetical order, after authorship is assigned for the study 1 team. Primary collaborators are expected to assign further co-authorship within their lab/team depending on the contribution – both in terms of any prior agreement as well as the final delivered contribution (e.g., if data collection – agreed data is collected, and in such a way that it is able to be included in the final analysis and manuscript). The number of possible contributors will vary for each primary collaborator, depending on (for example) the number of individuals and/or species tested. As a general rule, co-authorship should be extended to anyone without whose contribution it would not have been possible to complete the data collection. 

Our authorship guidelines are based on CRediT taxonomy


Significant and sustained contribution to: leading, actively and participating in, documenting or summarizing discussions that lead to formulation or evolution of overarching research goals and aims

Data curation

Management activities to merge and maintain research data (including software code, where it is necessary for interpreting the data itself) in an online repository for initial use and later reuse. Verification and organization of data submission.

Formal analysis

Application of statistical, mathematical, computational, or other formal techniques to analyse or synthesize study data, provided these analyses are included in the paper or supplementary materials.

Funding acquisition

Acquisition of the financial support for the project leading to this publication. Funds have to be distributed, in part, beyond one’s own facility. The latter point is met if personnel is hired that helps with coordination of the study.


Conducting research and investigation processes, specifically implementing the protocol to collect and submit data that meets submission requirements, and performing reliability coding and data entry. The data must be included in the final sample.  


Development or design of methodology; creation of models. Writing/designing the pre-registration.

Project administration

Management and coordination responsibility for the research activity planning and execution within the core administration or study teams.


Providing of access to animals and supervising research activity at the site. Developing or providing critical instrumentation or equipment to institutions other than one’s own.


Programming, software development; designing computer programs; implementation of the computer code and supporting algorithms; testing of existing code components.


Oversight and leadership responsibility for the research activity planning and execution at local sites, including mentorship external to ManyBirds administrative team. 


Verification of the overall replication/reproducibility of results/experiments and other research outputs.


Creation of visualizations/data presentation, provided that these are included in the paper or supplementary materials. 


Preparation, creation, and/or presentation of the published work by those from the original research group, specifically original writing for at least 1 section (i.e., introduction, methods, results, discussion), critical review of the manuscript as a whole, commentary or revision – including pre- or post-publication stages of the entire manuscript. 

Journal selection

We will pre-register and pre-print all ManyBirds articles. Where possible, we aim to publish with open-access and select ethical journals/publishers that support Open Science-aligned initiatives (Logan, 2017)

Get Involved

ManyBirds is led by a core team of researchers, with separate specific study teams formed to lead on each study. If you are interested in collaborating or would like more information about the ManyBirds Study 1 on neophobia in birds, please review our projects, Sign up documents or contact us at: